ELK通过Filebeat采集Nginx日志

通过filebeat采集nginx日志的两种常用方案:方案一是由Filebeat采集输出至Logstash,方案二是由Filebeat采集先输出至Kafka,随后由Logstash从Kafka中读取。

配置Nginx

在Nginx配置中加入如下参数,实现输出json格式的日志,修改配置/etc/nginx/nginx.conf

...

log_format log_json '{ "@timestamp": "$time_local", '
                    '"remote_addr": "$remote_addr", '
                    '"referer": "$http_referer", '
                    '"request": "$request", '
                    '"status": $status, '
                    '"bytes": $body_bytes_sent, '
                    '"agent": "$http_user_agent", '
                    '"x_forwarded": "$http_x_forwarded_for", '
                    '"up_addr": "$upstream_addr",'
                    '"up_host": "$upstream_http_host",'
                    '"up_resp_time": "$upstream_response_time",'
                    '"request_time": "$request_time"'
                    ' }';

access_log /var/log/nginx/access_json.log log_json;

...
nginx -s reload
# systemctl reload nginx

方案一:Filebeat→Logstash→Elasticsearch

配置Filebeat

采集nginx日志,并输出至logstash:

...

filebeat.inputs:
- type: log
  enabled: true
  paths:
    - /var/log/nginx/access_json.log
  tags: ["nginx"]

output.logstash:
  hosts: ["10.10.200.200:5044"]

...

配置Logstash

将采集到的日志输出至elasticsearch:

input {
  beats {
    port => 5044
    codec => "json"
  }
}

output {
  if "nginx" in [tags] {
    elasticsearch {
      hosts => ["10.10.200.200:9200"]
      index => "nginx_%{+YYYY.MM.dd}"
      template_overwrite => true
    }
  }
}

方案二:Filebeat→Kafka→Logstash→Elasticsearch

这种情况一般都是比较大型的集群模式了,Filebeat先将日志采集至kafka缓存,然后logstash从kafka读取日志。

配置Filebeat

filebeat.inputs:
- type: log
  enabled: true
  paths:
    - /var/log/nginx/access_json.log
output.kafka:
  hosts: ["10.10.200.201:9092","10.10.200.202:9092","10.10.200.203:9092"]
  topic: 'nginx'
  partition.round_robin:
    reachable_only: true
  required_acks: 1

配置Logstash

input {
  kafka {
    type => "nginx"
    bootstrap_servers => ["KAFKA1:9092, KAFKA2:9092, KAFKA3:9092"]
    topics => ["nginx"]
    consumer_threads => 3
    codec => "json"
  }
}

output {
  if [type] == "nginx" {
    elasticsearch {
      hosts => ["ES1:9200","ES2:9200","ES3:9200"]
      index => "nginx-log-%{+YYYY.MM.dd}"
    }
  }
}

原创文章禁止转载:技术学堂 » ELK通过Filebeat采集Nginx日志

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