Terraform操作Openstack常用命令举例

Terraform是一套IT基础架构自动化编排工具,实现对所有资源的管理。高呼“Write, Plan, and create Infrastructure as Code”之口号,高举“基础架构即代码”之旗帜。

本文枚举一些使用Terraform操作OPenstack的常用命令,点击此处查看参考源

Terraform常用命令

terraform init                 # 初始化包含*.tf文件的文件夹
terraform plan                 # 检查将要执行的计划
terraform apply                # 执行操作
terraform destroy              # 删除在*.tf文件中定义的资源 
terraform destroy -target=xxx  # 删除指定的资源
terraform state list           # 列出已执行的操作
terraform state show <list-id> # 列出已执行的操作的详情

Openstack操作举例

Provider

Username/Password:

provider "openstack" {
  user_name = "admin"
  tenant_name = "admin"
  user_domain_name = "default"
  project_domain_name = "default"
  region = "RegionOne"
  auth_url = "http://10.10.200.201:5000/v3"
  password= "*********"
}

Vault Role and Secret:

variable "vault_role_id" {
  default = "d2a8215f-04bd-c714-c0ee-9c23ecd56d14-xxx" #delete '-xxx'
}

variable "vault_secret_id" {
  default = "9ece2a12-f153-73eb-a448-51f88235c3a8-xxx" #delete '-xxx'
}

provider "null" {
}

provider "vault" {
  address = "http://10.10.200.202:8200"
  auth_login {
    path = "auth/approle/login"
    parameters = {
      role_id = "d2a8215f-04bd-c714-c0ee-9c23ecd56d14"
      secret_id = "9ece2a12-f153-73eb-a448-51f88235c3a8"
    }
  }
}

data "vault_generic_secret" "cvim_creds" {
  path = "everest/neteng/cvim_creds"
}

data "vault_generic_secret" "cvim_oracle_creds" {
  path = "everest/neteng/cvim_configs/cvim_oracle_creds"
}

data "vault_generic_secret" "certs" {
  path = "everest/neteng/certs"
}

provider "openstack" {
  user_name = "${data.vault_generic_secret.cvim_creds.data["os_username"]}"
  tenant_name = "${data.vault_generic_secret.cvim_creds.data["os_tenant_name"]}"
  user_domain_name = "${data.vault_generic_secret.cvim_creds.data["os_user_domain_name"]}"
  project_domain_name = "${data.vault_generic_secret.cvim_creds.data["os_project_domain_name"]}"
  region = "${data.vault_generic_secret.cvim_creds.data["os_region_name"]}"
  auth_url = "${data.vault_generic_secret.cvim_creds.data["os_auth_url"]}"
}

Identity(认证)

创建用户:

resource "openstack_identity_user_v3" "alexju_terraform" {
  default_project_id = "e75f662a7a7a457e8742f6bd4cc2e31c"
  for_each={
    user1 = "terraform_user1"
    user2 = "terraform_user2"
  }
  name = each.value
  description = "A user created by terraform"
  password = "ju000000"
  ignore_change_password_upon_first_use = true
  multi_factor_auth_enabled = true
  multi_factor_auth_rule {
    rule = ["password", "totp"]
  }
  multi_factor_auth_rule {
    rule = ["password"]
  }
  extra = {
    email = "alexju@foobar.com"
  }
}

Instance(实例)

创建Flavor:

resource "openstack_compute_flavor_v2" "test-flavor" {
  name = "terraform-test"
  ram = "8096"
  vcpus = "2"
  disk = "20"
  is_public = true
  extra_specs = {
    "capabilities:hypervisor_type" = "s!= ironic"
  }
}

创建没有卷的实例:

resource "openstack_compute_instance_v2" "terraform-test01" {
  name = "terraform-test01"
  image_name = "CirrOS 0.5.0 test"
  flavor_name = "generic-tiny"
  availability_zone = "Normal-IO"
  key_pair = "alexju-new"
  security_groups = ["Allow_All_Igress"]
  metadata = {
    this = "that"
  }
  network {
    name = "PROVIDER-NETWORK"
  }
}

创建实例和卷,并将卷作为块设备附加到实例:

resource "openstack_compute_instance_v2" "terraform-test02" {
  name = "terraform-test02"
  image_name = "CirrOS 0.5.0 test"
  flavor_name = "generic-tiny"
  availability_zone = "Normal-IO"
  key_pair = "alexju-new"
  security_groups = ["Allow_All_Igress"]
  metadata = {
    this = "that"
  }
  network {
    name = "PROVIDER-NETWORK"
  }
  block_device {
    uuid = "76ad48fa-9431-4ef6-9163-9479d515f3e9"
    source_type = "image"
    destination_type = "local"
    boot_index = 0
    delete_on_termination = true
  }
  block_device {
    source_type = "blank"
    destination_type = "volume"
    volume_size = 20
    boot_index = 1
    delete_on_termination = true
  }
}

Provisioner:

resource "openstack_compute_instance_v2" "terraform-test03" {
  name = "terraform-test03"
  image_name = "CirrOS 0.5.0 test"
  flavor_name = "generic-tiny"
  availability_zone = "Normal-IO"
  key_pair = "alexju-new"
  security_groups = ["Allow_All_Igress"]
  metadata = {
    this = "that"
  }
  network {
    name = "PROVIDER-NETWORK"
  }
  block_device {
    uuid = "76ad48fa-9431-4ef6-9163-9479d515f3e9"
    source_type = "image"
    destination_type = "local"
    boot_index = 0
    delete_on_termination = true
  }
  block_device {
    source_type = "blank"
    destination_type = "volume"
    volume_size = 20
    boot_index = 1
    delete_on_termination = true
  }
  provisioner "file" {
    connection {
      type = "ssh"
      user = "cirros"
      password = "gocubsgo"
      host = "${openstack_compute_instance_v2.terraform-test03.access_ip_v4}"
    }
    source = "test.txt"
    destination = "/home/cirros/ha.txt"
  }
  provisioner "local-exec" {
    command = "echo ${openstack_compute_instance_v2.terraform-test03.access_ip_v4} >> access_ip_v4.txt"
  }
  provisioner "remote-exec" {
    connection {
      type = "ssh"
      user = "cirros"
      password = "gocubsgo"
      host = "${openstack_compute_instance_v2.terraform-test03.access_ip_v4}"
    }
    inline = [
      "chmod a+x /tmp/*.sh",
      "cat /home/cirros/ha.txt"
    ]
  }
}

Network(网络)

创建安全组和规则:

resource "openstack_networking_secgroup_v2" "terraform_test01" {
  name = "terraform_test01"
  description = "My neutron security group"
}

resource "openstack_networking_secgroup_rule_v2" "secgroup_rule_22" {
  direction = "ingress"
  ethertype = "IPv4"
  protocol = "tcp"
  port_range_min = 22
  port_range_max = 22
  remote_ip_prefix = "0.0.0.0/0"
  security_group_id = "${openstack_networking_secgroup_v2.terraform_test01.id}"
}

创建负载均衡、监听器、池、成员、健康监视器:

data "openstack_networking_subnet_v2" "provider_network_subnet" {
  name = "provider-network-subnet"
}

#Add loadbalancer
resource "openstack_lb_loadbalancer_v2" "terraform_lb" {
  name = "terraform_lb"
  vip_subnet_id = "${data.openstack_networking_subnet_v2.provider_network_subnet.id}"
}

#Add listener
resource "openstack_lb_listener_v2" "terraform_listener" {
  name = "terraform_listener"
  protocol = "HTTP"
  protocol_port = 8080
  loadbalancer_id = "${openstack_lb_loadbalancer_v2.terraform_lb.id}"
  insert_headers = {
    X-Forwarded-For = "true"
  }
}

#Add Pool
resource "openstack_lb_pool_v2" "terraform_pool" {
  name = "terraform_pool"
  protocol = "HTTP"
  lb_method = "ROUND_ROBIN"
  listener_id = "${openstack_lb_listener_v2.terraform_listener.id}"
  persistence {
    type = "APP_COOKIE"
    cookie_name = "testCookie"
  }
}

#Add member
resource "openstack_lb_member_v2" "terraform_member1" {
  name = "member1"
  pool_id = "${openstack_lb_pool_v2.terraform_pool.id}"
  subnet_id = "${data.openstack_networking_subnet_v2.provider_network_subnet.id}"
  address = "10.192.26.61"
  protocol_port = 8080
}
resource "openstack_lb_member_v2" "terraform_member2" {
  name = "member2"
  pool_id = "${openstack_lb_pool_v2.terraform_pool.id}"
  subnet_id = "${data.openstack_networking_subnet_v2.provider_network_subnet.id}"
  address = "10.192.26.57"
  protocol_port = 8080
}

#Add health monitor
resource "openstack_lb_monitor_v2" "terraform_monitor" {
  name = "terraform_monitor"
  pool_id = "${openstack_lb_pool_v2.terraform_pool.id}"
  type = "TCP"
  delay = 20
  timeout = 10
  max_retries = 5
}

Storage(存储)

创建卷并附加至实例:

resource "openstack_blockstorage_volume_v2" "test" {
  region = "RegionOne"
  name = "tf-test"
  description = "first test volume"
  size = 3
}
resource "openstack_compute_volume_attach_v2" "va_1" {
  instance_id = "18d32680-6fc0-42d1-bd06-ec56e8f6deee"
  volume_id = "${openstack_blockstorage_volume_v2.test.id}"
}

Image(镜像)

创建镜像:

resource "openstack_images_image_v2" "CirrOS_0_5_1" {
  name = "CirrOS 0.5.1"
  image_source_url = "http://download.cirros-cloud.net/0.5.1/cirros-0.5.1-x86_64-disk.img"
  container_format = "bare"
  disk_format = "qcow2"
  visibility = "public"
  properties = {
    description = "CirrOS is a Tiny OS that specializes in running on a cloud"
    original_source_url = "http://download.cirros-cloud.net/0.5.1/cirros-0.5.1-x86_64-disk.img"
    username = "cirros"
    password = "gocubsgo"
  }
}

原创文章禁止转载:技术学堂 » Terraform操作Openstack常用命令举例

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